Samarkand

Samarkand

Category : Uncategorized

SAMARKAND

Area: 120 km²

Population: 550 000

Samarkand is a city in Uzbekistan known for its mosques and mausoleums. It’s on the Silk Road, the ancient trade route linking China to the Mediterranean. 

Samarkand is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world (2750 years old), prospering from its location on the trade route between China and the Mediterranean (Silk Road). At times Samarkand has been one of the greatest cities of Central Asia.

Historical and architectural monuments of Samarkand
  • Ancient Afrosiab settlements (VIII century BC)
  • Ulugbek Observatory (1428-1429)
  • Shahi Zinda architectural ensemble
  • Hazrati Hizr Mosque (mid 19th century)
  • Bibixonim Mosque (1399-1404)
  • Ulugbek Madrassah (1417-1420)
  • Sherdor Madrassah (1619-1635 / 36)
  • Tilla Kori Madrasa (1647-1659 / 6
  • Chorsu market (late 18th century)
  • The mausoleum of Bibikhanum
  • Ruhobod Mausoleum (1380s)
  • Oqsaroy Mausoleum (1470)
  • Gori Amir (1404)
  • Mosque of prayer (17th century)
  • Shrine Mausoleum (1464)
  • Khoja Ahror ensemble (15-20 centuries)
  • Tomb of the Shepherd Father (1430-1440)
  • Khoja AbduDurun Cemetery (15th-19th centuries)

Samarkand is one of the oldest and central cities in the world and has made a significant contribution to the treasury of world culture and science. During the years of independence, under the leadership of the President and the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan, great work has been done to restore and repair architectural monuments in Samarkand, especially in the reconstruction and repair of the old part of the city. The architectural monuments created by the Timurid dynasty are not inferior to the architectural monuments created in countries such as Egypt, China, India, Greece, Italy.


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